Is Being with Others the Antidote to Loneliness? Not Always, Says New Research

For countless years, social contact has been championed as the antidote to loneliness. The axiom, “Surround yourself with people and you won’t feel alone,” has been handed down through generations as wisdom. However, a recent study has suggested that the cure to loneliness might not be as straightforward as merely being in the company of others.

The Dueling Theories

Researchers aimed to discern the real impact of social contact on the distressing feelings of loneliness. At the heart of this research were two contrasting theories:

  1. The Amplifying Account: This theory proposes that the negative effects of loneliness on psychological well-being become more pronounced when people are in the company of others.
  2. The Buffering Account: On the opposite end, this theory suggests that being in the company of others acts as a protective buffer, diminishing the negative impact of loneliness on well-being.

The Evidence: Amplifying Account Holds Ground

Using ecological momentary assessments, the researchers dove deep into three datasets involving 3,035 individuals. What they discovered might challenge conventional wisdom: when participants felt lonely, their psychological well-being was negatively affected more when they were with others compared to when they were alone. This finding supports the amplifying account.

Moreover, in scenarios where participants experienced high levels of loneliness, being with others either resulted in the same or even a lower level of well-being than when they were by themselves.

What This Means

While it might be tempting to suggest to a lonely individual to “just go out and be with people,” this might not always be the best advice. The research implies that the mere presence of others doesn’t necessarily alleviate the weight of loneliness. In fact, it can sometimes make one feel even more isolated and lonely, especially if those interactions lack depth or meaning.

Revisiting Social Interactions

So, if simply being in the company of others isn’t the answer, what is? While this research doesn’t offer a definitive solution, it does underscore the importance of meaningful connections. Perhaps it’s not about how many people we surround ourselves with, but rather the quality and depth of those connections.

This doesn’t mean one should avoid social contact when feeling lonely. However, it emphasizes the need to foster genuine relationships where feelings of loneliness can be openly discussed and addressed.


Loneliness is a complex emotional state, and its antidote may not be as simple as once believed. As we navigate our way through the intricacies of human emotions, it’s paramount to remember that sometimes, it’s not about the number of people around us but the quality of the relationships we maintain. To truly combat loneliness, we may need to seek deeper connections and more genuine interactions, rather than just any company.